Whether racing as a pro or an amateur, time off the bike at the end of a busy season is incredibly important in order to freshen up physically and mentally.
In a normal year one would expect to be training from November to March and racing from March to late September; it’s a long gruelling season with early starts, late finishes, lots of travelling and thousands of kilometres in the saddle. Naturally this takes its toll on the body. After months of pushing physiological limits, riders often see a plateau or decline in form as the season reaches its close, illnesses and injuries become more frequent and the body is left feeling generally tired and empty. When this happens, listening to the body is absolutely essential; it’s time for “off season”.
But, it’s not only the body that needs a rest at the end of a long year, importantly, riders must give themselves a break mentally. Cycling at a high standard demands unyielding determination, resilience and perseverance. Whether staring at power numbers for months on end in training, willing yourself to do one last hill rep, riding long hours in miserable winter conditions or overcoming setbacks in races, the mind will at times also be pushed close to its limits and will therefore need a rest at the end of the year.
What should “off season” look like?
I don’t think there’s a precise one fits all plan that can be prescribed, it really depends on an individual’s physiology and temperament, but, i’ll endeavour to outline below what I suggest to those whom I coach.
First and foremost, three weeks off the bike, any bike…After a year of pushing both mind and body day in day out, an athlete should feel absolutely no guilt in giving themselves three weeks completely away from the bike. I encourage my clients to go and enjoy themselves in other ways; enjoy the food an athlete usually wants but avoids, meet with friends, have a few drinks, go on holiday if possible, go for some very steady jogs, go climbing, surfing or hiking etc. The only rule is, don’t ride a bike! After 3 weeks, if feeling energised and motivated, it’s time to crack on. If not, take some more time off until you are ready, but stay active in this period.
The new season
The start of the new season should be gradual, a progressive reprogramming of mind and body. Don’t dive in with a huge endurance block or immediately start trying to lose weight, this will lead to burnout. Start with a week or two of 60-90 minute easy spins and a couple of rest days, mix it up with some MTB or gravel rides if this is an option. Ride on feel or heart rate as your FTP will of course have shifted. Eat well on these rides, enjoy some whole foods while you can [peanut butter and jam wraps, homemade flapjacks and rice cakes are personal favourites] as there will be plenty of more intense sessions later in the year where this is not as easy to stomach. Include some short leg speed drills in these early rides but keep the power controlled. Importantly, don’t expect the body to absorb training load like it was during the season, take rest on demand, listen to your body and don’t be afraid to change the plan.
After this phase, an athlete should be physically and mentally ready to start some more structured training. Again, this training is gradual and controlled, nudging CTL up throughout the winter while monitoring fatigue closely and getting plenty of rest.
Eating in off season and early season
A final note on eating in off season and early season; I felt this deserved its own paragraph given how many athletes seem to have a turbulent relationship with food.
If a rider has been at or close to race weight throughout the summer, it’s so important they forget about calories over off season. In order for the body to recover from a long season, particularly for chemical and hormonal levels to recalibrate, a calorie surplus is essential. Forget about the scales, the weight will come off again gradually throughout the year. For this time, enjoy eating, if hungry, listen to the body. Thinking you can get one up on the competition by restricting calories and training hard while you should be resting and eating well will only leave you feeling exhausted when race season finally comes around.
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